Lithuania’s maritime transport to contribute to climate change mitigation2017-01-27
International maritime transport produces annual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions amounting to a billion tonnes. This accounts for even one-third of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions released worldwide.
It is forecasted that failure to take action may double CO2 emissions from international maritime transport by 2050. International maritime transport still remains the only type of transport not covered by the international commitments to reduce GHG emissions. With a view to applying a staged approach to the inclusion of international maritime transport in the GHG reduction, two years ago the European Commission approved a regulation on the monitoring and reporting of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport which lays down rules for the monitoring of CO2 emissions from ships (above 5 000 gross tonnage, except for fish-catching and other non-commercial ships) arriving at seaports of the European Union.
For implementing the provisions of the Regulation, the following requirements have been set forth by an order of the Minister of Environment for ships flying the state flag of Lithuania: by 31 August 2017, maritime companies will have to draw up a CO2 monitoring plan for each of their ships, from 1 January 2018 to monitor CO2 emissions per voyage and per year, and from 30 April 2019 to submit an annual CO2 monitoring report in each calendar year.
This order lays down a duty for independent verifiers to check the monitoring plans and the CO2 emission reports submitted by the maritime companies, and issue documents of compliance for ships.
From 2019, the Environmental Protection Agency will receive the CO2 emission reports from the Lithuanian maritime companies, and the Klaipėda Regional Environmental Protection Department will control how the maritime companies comply with the established requirements.
Compared to other states, Lithuania’s CO2 emissions in the maritime transport sector are not large. Lithuania has about 20 ships above 5 000 gross tonnage registered, which would be covered by the CO2 monitoring and reporting requirements.
More detailed information on the system for the monitoring, reporting and verification of CO2 emissions from ships is available on the European Commission’s website.