Preparations for ratifying the Paris Agreement on climate change under way2016-11-02
The Government has decided to request the President of the Republic to submit the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to the Seimas for ratification.
The Agreement adopted at the Paris Conference on Climate Change at the end of last year was signed by Lithuania and 174 other world countries on 22 April in New York this year. Under this Agreement the parties have undertaken to achieve a long-term goal of climate change mitigation to keep the increase in global temperature way below 2°C, compared to pre-industrial levels, and to aim to limit the increase to 1.5°C.
The countries that have approved the Agreement will have to invest in low carbon technologies, phase out fossil fuels and shift towards the use of renewable energy resources, and increase energy production and consumption efficiency.
As part of the implementation of the Paris Agreement, Lithuania has undertaken together with the other European Union member states to achieve a total reduction of greenhouse gas emissions of at least 40% in 2021–2030, compared to 1990 levels.
The Paris Agreement stipulates that from 2023, taking the collective progress assessment of the countries into account, the goals of greenhouse gas emission reduction, adaptation to climate change and provision of support will be reviewed every 5 years. The Agreement also lays down solidarity provisions under which developed countries, including Lithuania, will provide financial support to developing countries in accordance with the obligations set out in the Convention. Lithuania is included in the group of countries of Annex I to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which have no compulsory obligations of international climate change financing and provide support on a voluntary basis.
The Paris Agreement will take effect on 4 November 2016 as by 10 October of this year it was ratified already by 86 countries (USA, China, Brazil, the EU and its 10 member states, etc.) of the total of 197, accounting for more than 65% of global greenhouse gas emissions.