Survey: a public opinion on environment and on how it should be managed2014-11-19
With a view to raising public awareness of issues within the environment sector and finding out the most important information gaps, UAB RAIT ran a Lithuanian population survey on behalf of the Ministry of Environment.
As many as 66 per cent of respondents named television as the primary source of environmental information followed by 26 per cent who mentioned the Internet and about 4 per cent, the press. The rest of the respondents claimed to be receiving information on the environment from acquaintances, radio and other sources. Television was the main source of environmental information for people aged between 55 and 74 from Klaipėda, Šiauliai and Utena counties.
The respondents felt best informed on the sorting of waste and on protecting the living nature. More than 18 per cent claimed they lacked updates on renovation the most. People aged between 55 and 74 from Alytus, Šiauliai and Vilnius counties felt the greatest lack of such information.
When they have issues regarding environmental protection, construction or housing, people usually ask their acquaintances (about 32 per cent), 30 per cent enquire at the municipality while another 28 per cent visit the website of the Ministry of Environment. This source of information is usually chosen by people aged between 15 and 34 with university background who live in the cities of Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipėda.
More than 70 per cent of respondents said they were sorting waste or at least some part of it. When asked what could encourage people to sort waste, 38 per cent said that more sorting containers should be set up and the same percentage suggested that waste management charges should be reduced. Another 17 per cent thought that better public awareness could promote waste sorting.
When asked how litterlouts could be fought, the respondents replied that fines should be increased (38 per cent of respondents), confirmed litterlouts should be subjected to public environmental services (23 per cent), more raids should be arranged (21 per cent), and people should be encouraged to report litterlouts (14 per cent). People living in settlements with populations between 2,000 and 20,000 and those in the Kaunas county mentioned on more occasions that increasing the fines was an efficient way of fighting litterlouts. The residents of Vilnius county said more frequently than others that more raids should be arranged. People living in district centres and major cities and in Panevėžys and Utena counties supported the imposition of environment-related public services on offenders in more instances than others did.
The respondents named industry (about 48 per cent) and transport (about 45 per cent) as the prevailing factors for air pollution. 5 per cent referred to heating of households with wood and coal as a potential cause of air pollution. Other 2 per cent think that power plants were the most important air pollutants.
Public information division
19 November 2014