KAMANOS RESERVE CELEBRATES 35TH ANNIVERSARY2014-09-15
Kamanos state nature reserve marks its 35th anniversary. Founded in 1979, it aims to preserve a complex of North Lithuania’s largest and most valuable argillaceous plains with its characteristic morphological shapes, flora and fauna.
Kamanos state reserve is sited in north-western Lithuania, Akmenė district. Sixty-seven per cent of its 3935 ha are swamps.
Kamanos swamp stands out for its unique relief and an abundance of mires and disappearing lakes. Once the swamp flora overgrew the mineral ridges, only their tallest parts have remained protruding as small isles named Avino, Liepių and Trainauskienės while others were replaced by as many as 12 mires with more than 120 disappearing lakes.
The swamp is home to spectacular Nimfėjų and Salų lakelets with very picturesque banks and a 6 ha lake Kamanos. The swamp is surrounded by forests on all sides. The south-western edge is overgrown by pine forests and there are more birch forests in the south, but most of the forests are dark spruce woods.
The reserve boasts as many as 26 protected plant species including Lady’s Slipper, Botrychium virginianum, Oblong-leaved sundew and other Lithuania’s very rare plants. The insect world is as rich. The site is permanent home to wolves and is visited by lynxs; Hazel Dormouse is found here. Kamanos is famous for Eurasian Golden Plower and large counts of Black Grouse and is a hatching site for Black Stork and Lesser Spotted Eagle. White water lilies and cranberries grow here.