Climate Change Special Programme
International climate finance2014-04-10
28.07.2017 > CALL FOR BILATERAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION PROJECTS
30.11.2016 > Video on the first bilateral project implemented in Malaysia
30 kW solar plant in Lumut port, Malaysia. 2016
Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) states that all Parties must fulfill their commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, taking into full account their common yet differentiated responsibilities. Lithuania, along with other developed countries included into Annex II to the Convention, are committed to helping developing countries cover their costs associated with climate change mitigation and adaptation measures.
In December 2009, all Parties of the Convention met in Copenhagen (COP15) and agreed to provide developing countries with new and supplementary, larger-scale, foreseeable and adequate funding to enable them to take more active measures to combat climate change. Developed countries pledged 30 million dollars for 2010-2012, which was called Fast Start Financing (FSF). They also set a long-term target for 2020 to jointly mobilise 100 billion dollars annually from a variety of sources: public, private and alternative.
Despite the difficult economic situation and tight budgetary constraints, the EU and its member states have fulfilled their FSF commitment: in 2010-2012 they jointly awarded 7,34 billion EUR in support – see detailed information about Fast Start Finance in the brochure of the European Commission and the website of the UNFCCC Secretariat.
In 2013 climate finance provided by EU to developing countries reached 9,5 billion EUR, in 2014 - 14,5 billion EUR, in 2015 - 17,6 billion EUR. More information on EU efforts in this field is available in the publication of the European Commission "European Union climate funding for developing countries 2015".
Lithuanian legal acts on climate finance
The task of ensuring financial and technological support for the implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures in other countries, as well as cooperating with other countries in developing climate change-oriented projects is established in the Resolution No. 366 of the Lithuanian Government (dated 23 April 2013) on the Inter-institutional action plan of implementation of objectives and tasks of the National climate change management policy strategy for 2013-2020.
Paragraph 6 Section 3 of the Article 10 of the Law on financial instruments for climate change management states that the funds of the Climate Change Special Programme may be used for climate change mitigation and adaption measures in third countries in accordance with the EU legislation, the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and other international agreements.
Therefore, since 2011, part of this programme’s income is allocated to finance climate change mitigation and adaptation activities/projects in developing countries. The amount of support is specified in the Detailed plan of the annual estimate of the usage of the funds of the Climate Change Special Programme.
Financial support provided by Lithuania to developing countries
Lithuania provides financial support to developing countries in the field of climate change mitigation and adaptation through the funding from the Climate Change Special Programme administered by the Ministry of Environment, development cooperation projects administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and contributions made by the Ministry of Finance.
In 2011-2013 the Ministry of Environment provided climate finance through multilateral and regional funds. From 2014 the Ministry supports bilateral development cooperation projects in the field of climate change according to the new legislation – the Law on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Assistance (approved by the Parliament) and Directions for the Politics of Development Cooperation in 2014-2016 and Inter-institutional action plan for development cooperation (both approved by the Government).
Eligible for this support are a variety of Lithuanian entities which intend to implement climate change mitigation and adaptation projects in developing countries. Each year Ministry's Commission on development cooperation and humanitarian aid announces calls for project concepts/applications and selects the most distinguished projects. Requirements for projects and all procedural issues are laid down in the Manual on the implementation of development cooperation activities by state and municipal institutions and agencies, approved by Decision No. 278 of the Lithuanian Government (dated 26 March 2014).
Calls for submission of bilateral development cooperation projects are announced each year - usually in Q2 - on www.am.lt, www.orangeprojects.lt and in the national press.
The table below summarises the data on international climate finance provided by Lithuania:
||Type of support||Recipient of support||Provider of support|
|2011||25,7||multilateral||ESMAP - Energy Sector Management Assistance Program, administered by the World Bank||MoE|
|29,0||regional||E5P - Eastern Europe Energy Efficiency and Environment Partnership Fund, administered by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development||MoFA|
|34,8||bilateral||Development cooperation projects (Moldova, Georgia)||MoFA|
||regional||E5P (Moldova, Georgia, Armenia)
|9,2||bilateral||Development cooperation project (Ukraine)
|2014||222,3||bilateral||Development cooperation project (Malaysia, solar power plants)||MoE|
|6,8||regional||Development cooperation project (Armenia, Moldova, Ukraine)||MoFA|
|50,0||multilateral||EPTATF - Eastern Partnership Technical Assistance Trust Fund, administered by the European Investment Bank||MoFin|
|2015||100||multilateral||Green Climate Fund||MoE|
|397,4*||bilateral||Development cooperation projects (Moldova, solar power plant and biomass boilers)
|2016||286,5*||bilateral||Development cooperation project (Georgia, solar power plants)||MoE|
|2017||618**||bilateral||Development cooperation projects (selection of projects ongoing)||MoE|
* planned total project value, including beneficiary's own contribution
** preliminary figures
The graph below displays increasing annual figures of international climate finance provided by Lithuania (in thous. EUR):
Reports on climate finance provided to developing countries
Each year the Ministry of Environment is required to report to the European Commission on its financial and technical support to developing counties:
Biennial reports and National communications.
Page updated: 31 July 2017