Baltic Sea is a Concern for All2010-10-28
The environmental protection of the Baltic Sea is one of the key issues of national environmental protection. That was revealed by a survey of nine Baltic Sea States carried out in a project implemented by the international research network BalticSTERN. The survey revealed that people were mostly concerned about the sea pollution with heavy metals and other dangerous substances, minor or major oil spills, algal blooms, damage to the flora and fauna.
The measures to be taken to improve the environmental status of the Baltic Sea are provided for in the Environmental Protection Strategy of the Baltic Sea recently adopted by the Government. One of the key objectives is to seek that the environmental protection management would be carried out taking the ecosystem-based approach and that conditions should be created for the current and future generations to treat marine resources in a sustainable manner. To achieve the objective, the waste water directly or indirectly reaching the sea from all city waste management facilities should be cleaned of at least 90% of general phosphorus and at least 75% of general nitrogen. The goal is to have waste water management services to be as widely accessible as possible, improve their quality and reduce pollution from agricultural produce.
The intention is to limit or prohibit the spillage of hazardous substances into the sea. For the preservation of biodiversity, the strategy provides for a harmonious functioning of the sea ecosystems to make sure that the distribution, abundance and quality of habitats and species are in line with the prevailing hydrological, geographical and climate conditions. The objective is to preserve the natural marine and sea-coast landscape and make sure that shipping and other economic activities pursued in the Baltic Sea are carried out in an environmentally friendly way.
The National Strategy for the Protection of the Baltic Sea Environment will be implemented through two phases and the measures will be planned for 2010-2015 and for 2016-2020.
Information provided by the Ministry of Environment, phone +370 5 266 3660
28 October 2010