Lithuania uses less ozone depleting substances2007-09-14
Lithuania uses less and less ozone depleting substances (ODS). Since 2001, it withdrew the use of pure (unused) CFC, methylcholoroform, carbon tetrachloride and haloniums. Starting from 2015, the use of ODS in Lithuania will be allowed in exclusive cases only when alternative substances or measures to replace ODS cannot be used or there are no such substances or measures in place which are suitable from the technical and economic point of view.
Twenty years ago, on the 16th of September, the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances was signed by 24 countries. More than 190 states ratified the protocol, its amendments and revisions. In 2003, the United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan referred to the Montreal Protocol as one of the most successful international environmental agreements to date.
On 18 January 1995, Lithuania acceded the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances and gradually ratified all amendments and revisions of the latter protocol.
Ozone depleting substances (ODS) are not produced in Lithuania. The total quantity of those substances required for the economy is imported from other countries. In 1995, 55% of ODS (mostly CFC12 or chlorofluorocarbon 12) was used in refrigerating and air conditioning facilities, 13% for aerosol production, 20% for degreasing and cleaning and 12% for other purposes. In 2003, Lithuania reduced the use of ODS by 98.05% compared with 1994. At present, it cancelled the use of ODS in many business sectors, although HCFC are still used for the maintenance of refrigerators and air conditioners.
Reduced consumption of ODS has been the result of measures implemented in Lithuania and communications to the society and businesses about the damage of ODS, the possible substitutes for those substances and provisions of the European Union and national legislation. Most measures were implemented through non-repayable assistance from the World Environment Fund in the total value of 4.9 million USD.
“Lithuanian policy fully complies with the provisions of the Montreal Protocol,” Head of the Chemical Substances Division at the Ministry of Environment Marija Teriošina said. “After becoming member of the European Union, our country faces even more stringent requirements than in the Montreal Protocol.”
In consideration of the alternating trend of the ozone layer, change of the ODS usage range, new achievements in the field of research and technology, development of new alternative substances and technologies as well as the attitude of the global society to the protection of the ozone layer in
the environmental context, plans are to revise applicable regulation and provide for more effective measures and mechanisms to protect the ozone layer.
Public Information Division, Tel. 219 1855
14 September 2007