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General Information. Environmental Impact Assessment

General Information.Environmental Impact Assessment

2007-12-22

 

 

 

Environmental impact assessment (hereinafter referred to as the EIA) shall be the process of the identification, description and assessment of the potential environmental impact of the planned economic activity; the principal goal of the EIA shall be to ensure that the competent authority (, the Environmental Protection Agency and regional environmental protection departments) adopting the decision on the admissibility of the activity in the selected site has information about the potential significant environmental impact of that activity and opportunities to reduce this impact, and be familiar with the public opinion.

Beside the organiser of the planned economic activity (contracting authority) and the person preparing EIA documents, the EIA process also involves EIA entities (public authorities responsible for health care, fire protection, protection of cultural valuables, economic development and agricultural development, also local municipal authorities) and the society.

The EIA is performed in Lithuania since 1996 pursuant to the Law on the Environmental Impact Assessment of Planned Economic Activities (Official Gazette, No. 82-1965, 1996, No. 84-3105, 2005) regulating the EIA process and mutual relations of the participants.

Annexes of this law contain two lists: the List of Types of Planned Economic Activities Subject to the Environmental Impact Assessment (Annex 1) and the List of Types of Planned Economic Activities Subject to Selection Related to the Mandatory Environmental Impact Assessment (Annex 2).

The environmental impact assessment shall be performed:

1) when the planned economic activity is entered into the List of Types of Planned Economic Activities Subject to the Environmental Impact Assessment;

2) when it is established during the selection process that the planned economic activity has to be subject to the environmental impact assessment;

3) when the implementation of the planned economic activity may have an impact on the areas of the European Ecological Network Natura 2000, and the authority in charge of the organisation of the security and management of protected areas (the State Service for Protected Areas) establishes that such impact may be significant, following the procedure prescribed by the Ministry of Environment.

 

Principal goals of the selection of planned economic activities shall be to establish whether it is necessary to perform the environmental impact assessment of the specific planned economic activity, and to ensure that environmental aspects will be considered during further stages of the activity planning not only by applying technical measures reducing the impact but also by providing complex measures for the prevention of adverse impact.

The selection shall be performed by the competent authority with due consideration to information provided by the organiser of the planned economic activity about the site where the planned economic activity is intended to be carrier out, and information describing the planned economic activity.

 

Another procedure of the environmental impact assessment shall be the preparation and approval of the programme. The scope of the EIA shall be established during this stage. The EIA programme (prepared according to the provisions set for the preparation of the EIA programme and report) shall be submitted to EIA entities for drawing conclusions. The EIA programme and the conclusions drawn by EIA entities shall be together submitted to the competent authority for approval. Having analysed the EIA programme and the conclusions drawn by EIA entities, the competent authority shall approve the programme. Based on the approved programme an EIA report shall be prepared, which shall provide a thorough analysis of the impact on the biota, measures to reduce or compensate the impact, and the alternatives. The prepared report shall be presented to EIA entities to receive conclusions on the opportunities of the planned economic activity, and to the public during the public hearing.

 

The EIA report and the conclusions of EIA entities as well as the reasoned assessment of the proposals of the public shall be presented to the competent authority for decision-making. Having received EIA documents, the competent authority must promptly issue the announcement on the website of the Ministry of Environment. Having analysed the EIA report, the conclusions of EIA entities and proposals of the public, the competent authority shall make a motivated decision whether the planned economic activity is admissible in the selected site with due consideration to its nature and environmental impact.

 

Public information and involvement procedures shall be as follows:

1) reports on the EIA of the planned economic activity: the conclusion of the selection and the prepared EIA programme;

2) public introduction of the EIA report on the planned economic activity to the society;

3) information about the decision made in reference to the planned economic activity.

 

Principal procedures of the Environmental Impact Assessment

of the planned economic activity


Annex 1

Annex 2






Screening

Screening conclusions drawn by the competent authority

Informing the public about the conclusions of the screening

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Programme

Informing the public about the prepared EIA Programme

Conclusions drawn by EIA entities regarding the EIA Programme

Approval of the EIA Programme by Competent Authority

EIA Report

Introduction of the EIA Report to the public; proposals of the public

Conclusions drawn by EIA entities regarding the report

(opportunities of the planned economic activity)

Decision of the Competent Authority regarding the opportunities of the planned economic activity

Informing the public about the decision made



 


 

Minister of Environment of Lithuania Kęstutis Navickas
Minister of Environment of Lithuania Kęstutis Navickas